Born in Los Angeles, USA in 1943. Lives in Flagstaff, Arizona, USA. After studying perceptual psychology, mathematics, astronomy and other natural sciences, and eventually art history, James Turrell worked at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) from 1968 to ’71. He thereafter began creating experimental artworks that employ light. His works also show influences from his experiences of piloting airplanes. Turrell has consistently worked with light as a medium, throughout his career, in an ongoing exploration of the nature of perception. By contriving spaces for experiencing light, he acts on deeply felt sensations within us. Significant works include the Roden Crater project (1979 to present, Arizona), House of Light (2000, Niigata), and three works introduced in 2004 at Chichu Art Museum: Afrum, Pale Blue together with Open Sky and Open Field.In addition to the work exhibition in many countries of the world, he has a bright receiving a prize career. In 2013, he won the award "National Medal of Arts" from U.S. President Obama.